Twelve Thousand Years: American Indians in Maine
Twelve Thousand Years: American Indians in Maine documents the generations of Native peoples who for twelve millennia have moved through and eventually settled along the rocky coast, rivers, lakes, valleys, and mountains of a region now known as Maine. Arriving first to this area were Paleo-Indian peoples, followed by maritime hunters, more immigrants, then a revival of maritime cultures. Beginning in the sixteenth century, Native peoples in northern New England became tangled in the far-reaching affairs of European explorers and colonists. Twelve Thousand Years reveals how Penobscots, Abenakis, Passamaquoddies, Maliseets, Micmacs, and other Native communities both strategically accommodated and overtly resisted European and American encroachments. Since that time, Native communities in Maine have endured, adapted when necessary, and experienced a political and cultural revitalization in recent decades.
The Prehistoric Past
The PaleoIndian Period
The Archaic Period
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Abenakis Acadia Algonquian American Androscoggin archaeological Archaic artifacts attack bark baskets beads Beaver began bone Bourque Brunswick Canada Canibas canoe Casco Bay Caughnawaga cemeteries century Ceramic period coastal colonial cultural decoration early east Eastern Indians England English Etchemins European fishing fluted points France French fur trade governor groups Gulf of Maine historic hunting Iroquois Island Jesuit John River Josselyn Kennebec River killed King Philip's King Philip's War King William's War Lake land late Lescarbot lived Madockawando Maine State Museum Maine's Maliseets Maritime Peninsula Massachusetts Micmacs Mohawks Moorehead Moorehead-phase moose Museum collection Native Norridgewock North America Northeast Nova Scotia NYCD Paleo-Indian Passamaquoddy Pemaquid Penacooks Pentagoet Petersen population Port Royal prehistoric present-day probably Quebec raids region remained Saco sagamore Saint-Castin Sanger settlements settlers skin Souriquois Speck Spiess splints Susquehanna tradition tion Toronto treaty tribes Turner Farm Valley village Wabanaki western Maine wigwam William York